Provide An Acceptable Name For The Alkane Shown Below.

Navigating the Labyrinth of Alkane Nomenclature: Unraveling the Identity of the Mystery Molecule

In the vast realm of organic chemistry, alkanes stand as the fundamental building blocks of countless molecules that shape our world. Yet, deciphering their systematic names can be a daunting task, akin to navigating a labyrinthine puzzle. Embark on a journey to unravel the mystery of alkane nomenclature, as we delve into the intricacies of naming the alkane shown below.

The intricate web of alkane nomenclature can often leave chemists scratching their heads, wrestling with a myriad of rules and exceptions. The sheer complexity of the task can be overwhelming, especially for those new to the field. Imagine the frustration of a student grappling with the intricacies of IUPAC guidelines, struggling to assign the correct name to a seemingly simple molecule. The pain of misnaming an alkane can be immense, leading to confusion and potential errors in chemical communication.

To illuminate the path through this labyrinth, let’s break down the process of naming the alkane shown below. First, identify the longest continuous chain of carbon atoms, which forms the parent chain. Next, determine the substituents attached to the parent chain and assign them appropriate prefixes based on their structure. Finally, construct the complete name by combining the prefixes of the substituents with the name of the parent chain.

In the case of the alkane shown below, the longest continuous chain consists of six carbon atoms, indicating that the parent chain is hexane. The substituent attached to the parent chain is a methyl group, which is a one-carbon alkyl group. Therefore, the complete name of the alkane is 2-methylhexane.

As we navigate the intricacies of alkane nomenclature, it’s crucial to remember that the ultimate goal is to create a systematic and unambiguous naming system that facilitates clear communication among chemists. By understanding the principles and guidelines that govern alkane nomenclature, we can effectively translate the structural features of these molecules into meaningful names, paving the way for advancements in chemical research and applications.

Provide An Acceptable Name For The Alkane Shown Below.

Acceptable Name for the Alkane Shown Below: 2,2,4-Trimethylpentane

Introduction

Alkanes are a class of hydrocarbons that are characterized by their single carbon-carbon bonds. They are saturated hydrocarbons, meaning that all of the carbon atoms are bonded to four other atoms, either carbon or hydrogen. The general formula for alkanes is CnH2n+2, where n is the number of carbon atoms in the molecule.

Naming Alkanes

The International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry (IUPAC) has established a set of rules for naming alkanes. The following steps are used to name an alkane:

  1. Identify the longest carbon chain in the molecule. This is the parent chain.

  2. Number the carbon atoms in the parent chain, starting from one end and working towards the other end.

  3. Identify the substituents on the parent chain. A substituent is an atom or group of atoms that replaces a hydrogen atom on the parent chain.

  4. Name the substituents using the appropriate prefixes. The prefixes for the first ten substituents are:

    • Methyl (CH3-)
    • Ethyl (CH3CH2-)
    • Propyl (CH3CH2CH2-)
    • Butyl (CH3(CH2)2-)
    • Pentyl (CH3(CH2)3-)
    • Hexyl (CH3(CH2)4-)
    • Heptyl (CH3(CH2)5-)
    • Octyl (CH3(CH2)6-)
    • Nonyl (CH3(CH2)7-)
    • Decyl (CH3(CH2)8-)
  5. Combine the names of the substituents with the name of the parent chain to form the name of the alkane.

The Alkane Shown Below

The alkane shown below is 2,2,4-trimethylpentane.

[Image of 2,2,4-trimethylpentane]

2,2,4-Trimethylpentane is a branched alkane with five carbon atoms. The longest carbon chain in the molecule is five carbon atoms long, so the parent chain is pentane. The three methyl groups are substituents on the parent chain. The methyl groups are located at carbon atoms 2, 2, and 4.

Therefore, the acceptable name for the alkane shown below is 2,2,4-trimethylpentane.

Additional Information

2,2,4-Trimethylpentane is a colorless liquid with a boiling point of 99.2 °C. It is insoluble in water but soluble in organic solvents. 2,2,4-Trimethylpentane is used as a solvent and as a fuel.

Conclusion

The acceptable name for the alkane shown below is 2,2,4-trimethylpentane. This name is derived from the IUPAC rules for naming alkanes. 2,2,4-Trimethylpentane is a branched alkane with five carbon atoms and three methyl groups. It is a colorless liquid with a boiling point of 99.2 °C.

FAQs

  1. What is the molecular formula for 2,2,4-trimethylpentane?

    • The molecular formula for 2,2,4-trimethylpentane is C8H18.
  2. What is the molar mass of 2,2,4-trimethylpentane?

    • The molar mass of 2,2,4-trimethylpentane is 114.23 g/mol.
  3. What is the boiling point of 2,2,4-trimethylpentane?

    • The boiling point of 2,2,4-trimethylpentane is 99.2 °C.
  4. What is the melting point of 2,2,4-trimethylpentane?

    • The melting point of 2,2,4-trimethylpentane is -107.3 °C.
  5. What is the density of 2,2,4-trimethylpentane?

    • The density of 2,2,4-trimethylpentane is 0.692 g/mL.

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Provide,Acceptable,Name,Alkane,Shown,Below

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