Fill In The Missing Justifications In The Correct Order.


The consequences of missing justifications can be severe, leading to a decline in overall accuracy and logic. By understanding the importance of justifications, learners can improve their ability to construct coherent and well-supported arguments.

Common Challenges

One major challenge with missing justifications is the inability to evaluate the validity of an argument. Without proper justifications, readers are left with unsupported claims and assumptions, making it difficult to determine their credibility.

Overcoming the Hurdle

To overcome this hurdle, learners must develop the habit of providing clear and concise justifications for their claims. This involves using evidence from credible sources, citing relevant research, and providing logical explanations to support their reasoning.

Key Takeaway

By incorporating justifications into their arguments, learners can improve their ability to think critically, support their ideas effectively, and enhance the overall quality of their written work. Understanding the importance of justifications is crucial for success in academic writing, critical thinking, and logical reasoning.

Fill In The Missing Justifications In The Correct Order.

Historical Significance of the Atlantic Slave Trade


The Atlantic slave trade stands as an indelible scar on human history, leaving an enduring legacy of suffering and inequality. Historically, this transatlantic trade of enslaved Africans played a pivotal role in shaping modern economies, societies, and cultures worldwide.

Emergence of Slavery and the Early Slave Trade

Slavery has existed in various forms throughout history. However, the transatlantic slave trade, which began in the 15th century, marked a unique and unprecedented chapter in its evolution.

  • Emergence of Slavery

European Exploration and Colonization

European exploration and colonization in the 15th and 16th centuries opened up new frontiers for the acquisition of labor. The search for cheap and efficient labor to work plantations in the Americas led to the rise of the slave trade.

  • European Exploration and Colonization

Triangular Trade

The transatlantic slave trade operated on a triangular trade system. Ships sailed from Europe carrying manufactured goods to Africa, where they exchanged them for enslaved individuals. The enslaved Africans were then transported to the Americas, where they were sold for labor on plantations. The ships would then return to Europe with raw materials, such as sugar, tobacco, and cotton.

  • Triangular Trade

Impact on African Continents

The slave trade had a devastating impact on the African continent. It led to:

  • Depopulation: Millions of Africans were forcibly removed from their homes and communities.

  • Disruption of Societies: The slave trade destabilized African societies, leading to the loss of traditional cultures and social structures.

  • Economic Exploitation: The slave trade drained Africa of its valuable human capital, hindering its economic development.

  • Impact on African Continents

Scale and Mortality

The transatlantic slave trade was a massive operation that spanned centuries. It is estimated that between 12 and 15 million Africans were enslaved and transported to the Americas. However, the true number may be even higher due to the lack of accurate records. The mortality rates during the Middle Passage, the journey across the Atlantic, were appallingly high, with an estimated 10-20% of enslaved Africans dying during the voyage.

  • Scale and Mortality

Effects on the Americas

The transatlantic slave trade had a profound impact on the Americas as well. It:

  • Provided Labor Force for Plantations: Enslaved Africans were used as a labor force on plantations in the Americas, cultivating and harvesting cash crops such as sugar, tobacco, and cotton.

  • Shaped Social Hierarchies: Slavery created a rigid social hierarchy in the Americas, with enslaved Africans at the bottom and white Europeans at the top.

  • Contributed to Economic Development: The slave trade and its associated industries contributed to the economic development of the Americas.

  • Effects on the Americas

Opposition to the Slave Trade

The slave trade sparked opposition and resistance from various quarters. Abolitionist movements gained momentum in the 18th and 19th centuries, advocating for the end of slavery. Additionally, numerous slave revolts and uprisings throughout the Americas challenged the institution.

  • Opposition to the Slave Trade

Abolition and Its Legacy

The transatlantic slave trade was gradually abolished in the 19th century, primarily due to pressure from abolitionist movements and economic factors. However, the legacy of slavery persists to this day in the form of racial inequality, social justice issues, and cultural disparities.

  • Abolition and Its Legacy

Contemporary Reflections

The historical significance of the Atlantic slave trade continues to be a subject of study and debate. Historians, sociologists, and activists engage with its legacy:

  • Historical Reconciliation: Understanding the slave trade is crucial for reconciliation with the past and addressing its ongoing effects.

  • Social Justice Movements: The slave trade has shaped contemporary social justice movements, which seek to address racial inequality and systemic racism.

  • Cultural Preservation: The history of the slave trade is preserved through memorials, museums, and cultural practices to honor the victims and their resilience.

  • Contemporary Reflections


  1. What were the main causes of the transatlantic slave trade?
  • European exploration and colonization
  • Demand for cheap labor on plantations in the Americas
  1. How many Africans were enslaved and transported to the Americas?
  • Estimates range between 12 and 15 million, with a true number potentially higher.
  1. What was the mortality rate during the Middle Passage?
  • Estimated at 10-20% of enslaved Africans died during the journey across the Atlantic.
  1. How did the slave trade impact the Americas?
  • Provided labor force for plantations
  • Shaped social hierarchies
  • Contributed to economic development
  1. When was the transatlantic slave trade abolished?
  • Gradually abolished in the 19th century due to pressure from abolitionist movements and economic factors.


The Atlantic slave trade stands as a somber testament to the darkest chapter in human history. Its legacy continues to shape our understanding of race, inequality, and social justice. By acknowledging its profound impact, we can work towards reconciliation and the eradication of prejudice and hatred. Only through a deep understanding of the past can we build a more equitable and just future.



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